The time it takes to get your insurance claim check will vary depending on your local legal requirements, but will normally take between 30 to 60 days. That however is not a guarantee or a rule, as there are factors which may come into play and extend or shorten the duration. If you are dealing with your insurance company, it will generally be faster. Injuries, especially when serious, will usually delay processing. Another factor that could delay processing is the unavailability of parties to the accident.
Also remember that not every claim will be paid and some will be declined.