Matching Car Speakers & Subwoofers Together Correctly

October 31, 2012

Setting up your car stereo audio system requires both car speakers and subwoofers, among other components and equipment. Although car stereos are one of the best things for a do it yourself auto enthusiast to work on as a project, because they can be augmented and modified one piece at a time, it is still crucial to learn how to match car speakers and subwoofers properly. If you fail to do so, you may run into a variety of different problems, ranging from damage to the speakers to full on blowouts. This could cost hundreds of dollars in repair costs. Matching car speakers and their connecting subwoofers requires a bit of care; read on for a brief guide on how to do so.

Match Power Output and Power Capabilities

One of the most important things to keep in mind is the power output and capability levels. You should always know the amount of power that the head unit and car battery are delivering to the car stereo at any given time. This will ensure that you don't drive too much power into the system, which can result in the blowout of one or more of the other components of the system.

In order to do this, examine the displayed power output on the head unit or in the owner's manual. Be sure to tweak this output if necessary so that it corresponds with the incoming power capacity of the speakers and the subwoofers. This can also be done through an amplifier.

Check for Amplifier Compatibility

Be sure that the car speakers and subwoofers will all connect to the same amplifiers properly. This will help to protect against potential damages that include blowouts and general misfirings of power that can disrupt the sound of the system. Make sure that the power can be connected simultaneously to the amplifier, and that both the speakers and the subwoofer can be transmitted along the same number of Ohms.

Sound Compatibility

A third important issue that comes up often when attempting to match the speakers and subwoofers of a car stereo system is the sound capabilities of both. This is more an issue of personal preference, but is one that you should consider nonetheless. Do not plan to buy a super powerful subwoofer if the other speakers in your car audio system are of low wattage and cannot provide that much sound. The sound will be distorted and uneven. It's a good idea to buy components that are generally equivalent; purchasing a less expensive subwoofer to go along with less expensive speakers can be better than purchasing an expensive one.

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